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International agreements between Belgium and the United States

Social security agreement

The agreement[1] improves social security protection for people who work or have worked in both countries.

It helps many people who, without the agreement, would not be eligible for monthly retirement, disability or survivors’ benefits (leefloon) under the social security system of one or both countries.

It also helps people who would otherwise have to pay social security taxes to both countries on the same earnings.

The agreement covers social security contributions (including the contribution related to the U.S. Medicare Program) and social security retirement, disability and survivors’ insurance benefits.

It does not cover benefits under the U.S. Medicare Program or the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Program.


1  Totalization Agreement with Belgium, 1st July 1984.

Agreement on taxation and prevention of fiscal evasion

This agreement[1] is applicable to Belgian and U.S. citizens and prevents double taxation on the same income in these two countries.


1 ‘Convention between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to tax income’, 27 November 2006.